The Church claims that there is no contradiction between science and Catholic religion. These are general assurances. Numerous contradictions are a fact, I will give 10 examples concerning Christianity, especially Catholicism. In the case of other religions, the examples would have to look different in different respects. However, it must be clearly stated that all religions are contrary to science.

1. The Catholic religion is of the opinion that the world was created by a personal God. Science cannot accept this claim. Although there is no sufficiently justified scientific theory of the creation of the world today, this does not mean that religious explanations are true. The claim that the world was created by God lacks any justification that can be taken into account on the basis of science.

It is taken from the Bible and is mythological (theologians metaphorically considered the creation of the world within six days, but the biblical myth of the creation of the world by God is valid in the Church). Different religions preach different myths about the creation of the world; the ancient Greeks considered it eternal. There is an unbreakable contradiction between mythological and scientific explanations.

2. The theory of the end of the world, which the Church teaches, is contrary to science. What does this theory look like in a nutshell? According to the Church, Christ will come down again to Earth, all men will be resurrected, there will be a final judgment, and then, by God’s will, the end of the present world will follow. This is also the way to read in school religion textbooks.

The concept of the end of the world, which the Church teaches, is based on biblical myths and not on scientific research. There is a clear contradiction between religion and science.

3. The Church recognizes today the fact of evolution in nature, but still holds the view that man was created through God’s interference in the process of evolution. This is the official position of Polish bishops on evolution: “Evolution leads to the appearance of man as a free, responsible and conscious being. But it does not overcome this threshold by itself. In order to bring man to life, God could have used a creature prepared on the carnal plane for millions of years of evolution and breathed a soul into it – in his image and likeness”.

The position of the Church is contrary to science. The biological sciences represent a process of evolution without divine intervention. They show very well how evolution “by itself” overcomes the threshold separating man from other species. Biology, for example, documents very well how the nervous system and the brain have gradually developed in the course of evolution – from the simplest forms to the very complex ones in mammals and man. Science does not recognize God’s interference in the process of evolution because there is no justification for this except religious faith.

4. The Church is invariably of the opinion that man possesses the immortal soul given to him by God and thus will be able to live forever. Salvation, i.e., a state of eternal happiness, penance or condemnation, awaits him. No scientific research confirms the existence of the soul and the prospect of eternal life. The Church cites the Scriptures and claims that this is true.

5. The Church claims quite seriously that sickness and death are the result of original sin, i.e., disobedience to God, which was to be committed by the first people. Let us emphasize that this mythological explanation, taken from the Bible, is not considered as a metaphor. School religion textbooks also speak clearly of it as a real explanation, not a metaphor.

Science cannot recognize this explanation because it is based solely on the biblical story of original sin. This does not prevent theologians and religious scientists from saying that there is no contradiction between science and religion.

6. Science requires that the claims that are considered true be justified by the results of empirical research, i.e., observations, experiences, experiments, analysis of available materials (the methodology of science is used to justify the claims). Scientific claims may not be 100% certain, but their direct or indirect empirical confirmation is necessary.

Scientific hypotheses (assumptions) must also be based on scientific analyses and research. They cannot be arbitrary fantasies.

The basic claims made by the Church about the existence of God, angels, Satan, the immortal soul, God’s revelation in the Scriptures and others are in no way empirically justified. For this reason, they cannot be recognized or even treated as hypotheses on scientific grounds. The Church authorities, on the other hand, claim to be true. This creates a chasm and contradiction between science and religion.

7. It is contradictory to science how the Church comes to her findings.

The Church claims that Scripture contains truths revealed by God. For the Church, it is a reliable source of knowledge about God, man and the world. Church theologians study Scripture in order to know the truths it contains.

Science cannot recognize that Scripture does indeed contain divine revelation, because there are no arguments to justify this belief (nor is there any basis for recognizing the existence of God). From the scientific point of view, Scripture is not a reliable source of knowledge. It contains, besides some historical and geographical facts, a mass of conjectures and myths.

8. The Church claims that she uses a supernatural way of knowing the truth about God, the world and man. It is supposed to be learning by means of faith, which she owes to God’s grace. John Paul II also writes about this: “alongside the knowledge proper to human reason … there is a knowledge proper to the faith”. (it is a religious faith); “in the first case we know by natural reason, and in the second case by faith”.

Well, science cannot consider that such a thing as research/knowledge “by faith” exists. The reason: no justification. Without any justification, the Church authorities proclaim that such a method exists and make it believe in religious textbooks as well. There are no arguments indicating that God really gave Catholic theologians or anyone else the gift of learning by faith.

9. Religion is based solely on faith – and science is based on empirical research that meets the requirements of the methodology of science. These are contradictory practices, leading to contradictory results. Religion assumes that there is God, angels, the devils, supernatural reality, the immortal soul, God’s revelation in the Scriptures-and science does not state anything like that and treats it as religious beliefs.

10. Contemporary science takes the position of naturalism: in practice, it assumes that there is only one kind of reality, namely nature. Nature is the macro and microcosm, the universe and elementary particles, inanimate nature and living organisms and their derivatives, i.e., mental experience and consciousness (these are derivatives of the functioning of living organisms, they do not exist independently of them).

For science there is no supernatural, supernatural or divine reality. Why? Because its existence has not been established. That is why science – contrary to religion – ignores supernatural reality, God, angels, Satan, just as it ignores forest spirits and invisible dwarfs helping people or psychedelic.